How is HIV Transmitted
By having unprotected sex with
someone living with HIV
By sharing a syringe with someone
living with HIV
From an HIV+ mother to baby
before, during birth or afterwards
via breast milk
HIV is transmitted through blood,
semen, vaginal fluids, and
breast milk only!
How is HIV Not Transmitted
Q: Can't you get HIV from someone if they spit on you?
A: Absolutely not, the virus is not found in saliva in sufficient numbers to transmit the virus.
Q: What if someone who has HIV throws blood on me?
A: Transmission would be virtually impossible.This is partly because it's extremely unusual for this situation to involve any opportunity for infected body fluid to enter the person's bloodstream -- it does not reach a mucous membrane (such as the vagina or rectum) or an open wound.
So in practical terms, there's little reason to worry about contact with body fluids that have already been outside a person's body for some minutes.
Q: Can I catch the virus from a dirty bathroom?
A: No. First because the virus is not present in urine or feces that is significant. Second as with the examples above there has never been a case of HIV transmitted this way.
Q: What is the most likely way to get HIV?
A: Through unprotected vaginal or anal sex with someone living with HIV or sharing a syringe with the same.
Ronald Reagan was President during the emergence and early years of AIDS. The President of the United States chose to ignore the growing crisis until 1985, due to the fact that AIDS was only affecting Gay men. Homophobia and cruelty were the norm, we will never know how many more lives could have been saved had the government responded sooner.
On June 5, 1981, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued its first warning about a relatively rare form of pneumonia among a small group of young gay men in Los Angeles, which was later determined to be AIDS-related. Since that time, tens of millions of people have acquired HIV worldwide.
AIDS had begun to be recognized as a public-health crisis during the early 1980s, but the general public had relatively little knowledge about it. Little knowledge, but plenty of suspicion and fear.
Despite a small, vocal community of activists (ACT-UP) calling for a government response to the crisis, AIDS was a deeply stigmatizing burden.
Most Americans believed the complex disease affected only gay men; it was some time before it became known that intravenous drug users, those who received blood transfusions containing the HIV virus, and other groups also were at risk.
How 'The Denver Principles" Changed Healthcare Forever
June 7, 2013 • By Mark S. King
You must know this, because it matters. Because it has already changed your life, no matter who you are, and you may not even realize it. Because as we search for a new national voice for people living with HIV (since the ugly demise of The National Association of People with AIDS), and as LGBT community leaders pledge to re-commit themselves to HIV issues, the voice of people with HIV matters more than ever.
That isn’t about a vague concept. It began at a very real meeting, which gave birth to a very real, tangible document. And it happened exactly thirty years ago this month.
It was 1983. Just a year prior, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) became the fearful nameplate for the murderer of gay friends and lovers. The virus that caused it, HIV, had only been identified a few weeks earlier. Amidst this atmosphere of unremitting grief and fear, a group of activists met in Denver as part of a gay and lesbian health conference. Among them, a dozen men with AIDS. And among their number, the inspirational Michael Callen of New York City, pictured at right, and safe sex architect Richard Berkowitz (Sex Positive), the only surviving member of the group today. They were about to do something that would change our response to AIDS—and health care in general—forever.
As the conference drew to a close, the activists asked to address the attendees. Rather than having a report presented about the state of the AIDS crisis, they wanted to speak for themselves. If the word “empowerment” hadn’t yet been a part of the health care lexicon, it was about to be.
The group took turns reading a document to the conference they had just created themselves, during hours sitting in a hospitality suite of the hotel. It was their Bill of Rights and Declaration of Independence rolled into one. It would be known as The Denver Principles, and it began like this: "We condemn attempts to label us as ’victims,’ which implies defeat, and we are only occasionally ’patients,’ which implies passivity, helplessness, and dependence upon the care of others. We are ’people with AIDS.’"
After Rock Hudson died in October 1985, Taylor became an AIDS activist and formed a foundation to raise funds for research on how to combat AIDS. By the late 1980s AIDS was beginning to be known as no longer simply a "gay scourge," but a massive threat to public health worldwide.
Taylor gained fame as a humanitarian for her work on AIDS research, which continued until her death in 2011. She has been credited with helping persuade the scientific establishment to focus more attention on the disease, and for informing the public that AIDS was not a moral stigma to hide due to a gay lifestyle.
Since the AIDS epidemic began, more than 70 million people around the world have been infected with the HIV virus, and more than 35 million have died, according to the World Health Organization. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the area most severely affected by AIDS, which still kills about 1 million people per year worldwide.
At the Elton John AIDS Foundation (EJAF), we believe AIDS can be beaten.
We act on that belief by raising funds for evidence-based programs and policies and also by speaking out with honesty and compassion about the realities of people’s lives. Sir Elton John created EJAF 25 years ago, first in the United States in 1992 and then in the United Kingdom in 1993. Through the generous support of far-sighted individuals, foundations, and corporations, the two foundations together have raised more than $400 million over the past quarter century to challenge discrimination against people affected by the epidemic, prevent infections, provide treatment and services, and motivate governments to end AIDS.
The U.S. foundation focuses its efforts on programs in the United States, the Americas, and the Caribbean, while the U.K. foundation funds HIV-related work in Europe, Asia, and Africa. Join us in speaking out, taking action, and contributing to our efforts to achieve a world without AIDS.
American Airlines is the official sponsoring airline of the Elton John AIDS Foundation.
SEIZE CONTROL OF THE FDA
Food and Drug Administration Headquarters, Rockville, Maryland, October 11, 1988
Our takeover of the FDA was unquestionably the most significant demonstration of the AIDS activist movement's first two years. Organized nationally by ACT NOW to take place on the anniversary of the March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights and just following the second Washington Showing of the Names Project quilt, the protest began with a Columbus Day rally at the Department of Health and Human Services under the banner HEALTH CARE IS RIGHT and proceeded the following morning to a siege of FDA headquarters in a Washington suburb.
If "drugs into bodies" had been central to ACT UP from the beginning, the protest at the FDArepresented both a culmination of our early efforts and a turning point in both recognition by the government of the seriousness and legitimacy of our demands and national awareness of the AIDS activist movement.
We owe a great debt to those who died in clinical trials, many lost their lives to the first of the retrovirals, AZT. The drug was originally approved for cancer treatment and very few could tolerate. The side effects of AZT were often deadly. Thousands more died protesting and waiting for new drugs to be made available.
AIDS is no longer the death sentence, once in treatment most people can be treated with one or two pills daily with no side effects. The meds have gotten so good that most people living with HIV will live normal life spans.
Most will never progress past HIV, that being said there are still thousands of deaths each year attributable to AIDS. This is due to lack of proper medical care and access to the medications that stop the virus from replicating. Antiretrovirals of today are very effective at keeping the virus at undetectable levels, which is now confirmed to make the individual with HIV untransmittable.
U=U means that a person living with HIV cannot transmit it to their partner.
Your support and contributions will enable us to meet our goals and improve conditions for those living with HIV. Your generous donation will fund our mission.